A movie, motion picture, TV movie, animation movie, motion picture is a separate work of cinematic art. In technological terms, a film is usually a sequence of photographic images (frames) connected by a single story. Film, as a rule, includes a soundtrack.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the word film was feminine and in addition to its usual meaning, it referred to film.
The field of human activity associated with the creation and reproduction of movies is called cinematography. Cinematography includes the field of application of film as an art form (filmmaking), (film technology), as well as the film industry. Movies are created by recording moving images of the world around us with motion picture machines or digital movie cameras, and are also produced from single images using animation or special effects.
Watching movies is part of modern culture. Popular movie characters and the actors who play them often become famous and their images recognizable. Cinemas are built specifically for the mass viewing of films. Usually a movie lasts 90-120 minutes (1.5-2 hours). At home, the traditional way to watch Torrent movies is to use a TV set with a video player connected to it, and more and more often lately the computer is used for this purpose.
The first step to the cinematograph was taken in 1685, when the “magic lantern” – the camera obscura – was invented. The second step to the cinematograph was taken in 1791 by Michael Faraday and his friend Max Roger. All of Europe was trying to invent an apparatus to bring drawing to life. Faraday’s apparatus was called the Fenakistiscope. The apparatus came with a series of sequential pictures. The scientist Joseph Plato was working on decomposing motion into phases (e.g., human motion). When Faraday got his hands on these works, he had very little time left to complete the phenakistiscope. The third step took place in 1839. It was made possible by the works of Louis Daguerre and Jose Niepce. The governor of California, Leonard Stefard, and the photographer Edward Muybridge conducted one interesting experiment. Leonard was very fond of horses and argued with Muybridge about whether or not a horse would “tear its legs off while galloping.” They bought 60 cameras and placed them on either side of the racetrack (30 cameras each). They had booths set up in front of them, with people monitoring the cameras. A string was stretched between the camera and the booth. When the horse went galloping and was in the line where the cameras were installed, the horse would hook the string with his foot and the camera would pick up a picture of one of the phases of the horse’s movement. This was the first attempt to decompose the movement into phases.
Movie is not just an art specific to the twentieth century, but in a sense it has created the very image of the twentieth century. It is therefore natural that movie shares with the twentieth century its most acute ontological and aesthetic problem: the problem of the distinction between text and reality. In this sense cinematography is an extremely paradoxical and contradictory art form. More than any other art, movies can document reality, but this document created by cinema can be the most authentic falsification. Movie was born in a climate of philosophical, technical, artistic and scientific upheaval: the theory of relativity and quantum physics, various strands of psychoanalysis, mass communication, transportation, gramophone recording, radio, telephone; the artistic practice of modernism. Movies skillfully show illusion as a very real reality: just think of the famous train rushing from the screen toward the audience; so in its early days Cinema was both a new entertainment and a real cultural shock.